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英语单招考试试题分类解析(江苏)

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时间:2014-04-06

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非谓语动词(现在分词、过去分词、动名词、动词不定式)考题

1.The patient has his temperature         3 times a day.(2004)

  A. read             B. made             C. raised           D. taken

答案为D,考查固定搭配take one’s temperature(量体温)及have sth done(让某人把某事做了)。

2.You can never imagine what great difficulty I have _____ maths.(2004)

  A. learned          B. learning         C. to learn         D. for learning

本题考查固定短语“have difficulty(in) doing sth”结构变形,答案为B。

3.Would you like         shopping with us or do you feel like           at home? (2004)

A. to go; to stay                        B. going; staying

C. going; to stay                        D. to go; staying

答案为D,考查“would like to do sth”和“feel like doing sth”用法。

4.Asked if he could come to the meeting that day,        .(2004)

A. nobody said anything                  B. nothing was said by him

C. John nodded his head and left the room D. They didn’t get an answer from him

答案为C,考查过去分词的用法。题意是“当约翰被问他那一天是否来参加这个会议时,约翰点点头,接着就离开了那个房间。”

5.Tom did nothing but______ down for a rest.(2005)

  A. lay              B. lie                  C. to lay            D. to lie

答案为B,考查but的用法:but前面有do的某种形式时,but后面的动词不定式要省略to;其前没有do的某种形式时,but后面的不定式要带to。

6.This book is ________to be too difficult to            .(2005)

  A. considering;reading                      B. considered;be read         

C. considering;read                         D. considered;read

本题答案为D,考查被动语态及动词不定式。本题可以改成We consider that this book is too difficult to read.在句型“主语+be+形容词+动词不定式”中,若主语是不定式的逻辑宾语,这时动词不定式用主动形式表示被动。在本题中,主语this book是不定式to read的逻辑宾语,故不定式用主动表示被动。

7.I like _____ ,but I don’t like         now.(2005)

  A. swimming;swimming                        B. swimming;to swim  

C. to swim;swimming                         D. to swim;to swim

答案为B,like作为“喜欢,爱好”讲时,其后动词用“-ing”形式,当like表达某种意愿想法时,其后动词用不定式。

8.Did you see Li Ming______ at the desk          something.(2005)

  A. sit;read                                 B. to sit;reading      

C. sitting;read                             D. sitting;reading

答案为D,考查see sb doing (sth)“看到某人正在做(某事)”。Reading something表示伴随。

9.Most students in our class feel_____ their duty    some good deeds for the public.(2005)

  A. that;to do       B. /;doing              C. it;to do          D. that;do

答案为C,考查feel的用法:feel+宾语+宾补。句中的it是形式宾语,真正的宾语是其后的动词不定式。题意是“我们班的绝大多数学生把为公众做些好事作为他们的责任。”

10.Please get your blood _____ in the next room.(2005)

  A.to be tested      B.tested                C.being tested       D.testing

本题考查get的用法:get(have) sth done表示“叫(别人)把某事做了”,答案为B。如果表示“叫(或让)某人做某事时”,用get sb to do sth结构。

11.There was a terrible noise       the sudden burst of light.(2005)

A. followed                                 B. following        

C. to be followed                           D. being following

答案为B,考查现在分词的用法。题意是“紧跟着闪电之后的是一阵可怕的噪声”。

12.______ from the space, our earth, with water covering 70% of its surface, appears as a “blue planet”.(2005)

  A. Seen             B. Seeing               C. Having seen       D. To see

答案为A,考查过去分词。动词see与句子的主语our earth成被动关系,所以用过去分词形式。

13.I like listening to music, but what my sister enjoys ______ the piano.(2006)

  A. play             B. to play          C. playing          D. is playing

本题考查enjoy doing (sth)结构,故本题答案为C。

14._______ ,they went to the playground.(2006)

  A. Their homework finished              B. Their homework was finished

  C. Their homework being finished        D. Their homework had been finished

本题答案为A,考查独立主格结构,finished与前面的their homework成被动关系。Their homework finished不是一个句子,而是表示时间的状语而已,可以换成After their homework was finished.

15.The teacher asked the students ____ any noise in class.(2006)

  A. don’t make      B. not making       C. not to make      D. to not make

本题考查动词不定式的否定用法,答案为C。

16. Why have they delayed ______ the new school?(2007)

A. to open   B. to opening   C. to be opening D. opening

本题考查动词delay的用法,delay意为“推迟”、“耽搁”、“延误”时,后面一般跟动词的-ing形式,故本题的答案为D。

17. In Kiruna visitors can join in outdoor activities such as riding on sleds _____ by dogs and skiing.(2007)

   A. pull   B. pulled   C. are pulled    D. pulling

本题考查过去分词短语作后置定语,sleds pulled by dogs“被狗拉的雪橇”,故答案为B。

18.The washing machine needs _________.(2007)

   A. repairing     B. to repair C. to repaired  D. to be repairing

本题考查 sth needs doing-某事需要被做。题意为“这台洗衣机需要修理。”D项改为to be repaired也可作为正确选项。

19.He wants      by the name Mickey.(2008)

A.to call   B.to be called    C.to be calling   D.be calling

考查动词不定式。由by the name Mickey知动词不定式用被动形式。故答案为B。

20. ____ more time, we could have done it better. (2009)

A. Give              B. Given             C. Giving             D. Gave

本题考查过去分词用法,give与主语we存在被动关系,故答案为B。题意“假如给我们更多时间,我们本可以做得更好。”

21. It’s hard to imagine what great difficulty I have ____ my English.(2009)

  A. improved          B. improve           C. to improve          D. improving

本题考查固定结构have great difficulty doing sth,在本题中what great difficulty做have 的宾语,故答案为D。

22. _____ by curiosity, he went on digging the hole and found a group of about 400 jade pieces.

   A. Drive              B. Driven          C. Driving         D. To drive (2009)

本题考查过去分词的用法,由于drive逻辑上与句子主语he存在被动关系,故用drive的过去分词形式,答案为B。driven by curiosity做原因状语。

23. That film is said _____ on TV several times.(2009)

   A. to show           B. to have been shown      C. showing       D. has been shown

本题考查动词不定式的现在完成时的被动语态形式,答案为B。句意为“据说这部影片已经在电视上放映几次了”。

24 The play ________ next month will mainly reflect the local culture.(2010)

  A put on      B to be put on    C being put on      D having been put on

答案为B,由题意知应用表示将来意义的动词不定式的被动形式来做后置定语。

25 The question ______ seems very complicated.(2010)

 A been discussed   B being discussed   C discusses    D discuss

答案为B,being discussed意为“正在被讨论的”,做后置定语,修饰前面的the question。

26 He will have no choice but _________ the teacher’s advice.(2010)

 A. following   B follow     C follows   D to follow

答案为D,考查but作为介词意为“除了…之外”时的用法。如果介词but前有do的某种形式时,那么but后的动词前不用to,否则but后的动词前要用to。

27 It’s no use ________ Daddy for help. He has been away on business.(2010)

  A  ask           B asks              C to ask        D asking

考查动名词:It’s no use doing sth“做某事没有用”,故答案为D。

28 Mary concentrated on _____________ a novel with all the noise ________ on.(2010)

   A reading; went     B read; to go     C reading; going    D read; going

考查concentrate on doing sth及with + 宾语 +现在分词结构,故答案为C。

29. With a lot of homework _____, little Tom felt worried all the time.(2011)

  A. did             B. to do             C. do             D. doing

答案为B。考查with+宾语+动词不定式结构,这里做原因状语。题意为“由于有很多要做的作业,小汤姆一直感到着急”。

30. _____ delicious, the food was sold out soon.(2011)

   A. Tasting         B. Tasted          C. Being tasted      D. To taste

答案为A。考查现在分词用法。Tasting delicious在句中作原因状语。

31. It is no use _____ with a man like him.(2011)

   A. being argued       B. argued           C. arguing         D. argues

答案为C。考查动名词的用法。It’s no use doing sth,在这一句型中,It是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的现在分词短语。

32. _____ iron, the machine weighs 600 kilos.(2011)

   A. Have made of    B. Making of     C. To be made of     D. Made of
答案为D。考查过去分词。Made of iron这一短语对句子的主语the machine作补充说明
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